Traditional, Classic & Modern Siamese
Siamese cats are the most recognizable cat breed, due to their unique, pointed coat. This pattern is a form of partial albinism. Their coats are temperature sensitive. The cooler areas (ears, face, legs and tail) become a darker colour, while the body (the warmest part) remains lighter. This is why Siamese kittens are born pure white (constant temperature in the womb) and develop their point colour as they age.
An interesting note: If a Siamese cat loses a patch of fur (due to allergies, surgery, injury, etc.) the new fur will grow in darker or lighter than the fur surrounding it. Don't worry though...it isn't permanent. Eventually it will return to the same shade.
All Siamese cats have blue eyes that can range in shade from a light baby blue, to sky blue, to deep royal blue, and everything in between. Most of our current queens and studs have light blue eyes.
Crossed-eyes and kinked tails are linked to the partial albinism gene, and do still appear from time to time in litters of Siamese kittens, though these traits, once common, have largely been bred out. The kinked tails are considered a flaw by many cat associations. In our eyes, this is not a flaw at all, but part of what makes the Siamese great.
Types of Siamese
There are now three types of Siamese cats. The Traditional Siamese is said to be the original cat imported from Thailand. The Classic was the type that was common in the 50’s, 60’s and 70’s. The Modern are the current show cats of today.
Because of the confusion sometimes seen when trying to differentiate between the three types, we have detailed their physical characteristics below.
We only raise the CLASSIC Siamese.
Traditional (Applehead) Siamese
The Traditional Siamese is said to be the first Siamese directly imported from Siam (Thailand), and the “original” look of the breed.
There is much confusion between the Traditional and Classic types. The Traditional is sometimes even referred to as the Old-Style, although we do not agree with that.
The Traditional Cat Association is the only association that recognizes this type of Siamese as a distinct breed - the Traditional Siamese.
The Traditional Siamese is a moderately large cat with a round, muscular, heavy body (males can weigh up to 18 pounds).
They have a fairly round (apple-shaped) head. Their eyes are slightly rounder than the other types. Their ears are equivalent to the average domestic cat. They have long legs and tail, though not as long as the other two types.
Their coat, although they are a short-haired cat, is plush and soft.
It is said that they are generally quieter than the other types.
The Classic Siamese is a sort of cross between the other two types, without the extremes.
The name "Old-Style" refers to the fact that this is the type that was most common in the 50's, 60's and 70's and is what most people think of when they think Siamese.
In 2007, The International Cat Association accepted the Classic Siamese back into their registry, as a "Preliminary New Breed" and with a brand-new name: Thai. In 2009, the Thai breed was promoted to "Advanced New Breed" status.
The difference between the Classic Siamese (TCA) and Thai (TICA) is that the Thai (TICA) is permitted in all colours (the original four, plus flames, creams, lynx and more) whereas the Traditional Cat Association only permits Classic Siamese in the original four colours - seal point, blue point, chocolate point and lilac point. Classic pointed cats of any colour other than the original four are classified as Classic Colourpoint Shorthairs by the Traditional Cat Association.
Classic Siamese are a medium-sized cat, slender yet muscular. They have been referred to as a “natural athlete”.
They have a moderate wedge-shaped head and face, with more definition to the muzzle than the Traditional, but without the extremes of the Modern. They have almond-shaped eyes. Their ears are slightly larger than the average cat. Their legs are longer than the Traditional, but not as long as the Modern. They have a long, thin, tapered tail.
Their coat is short, fine, glossy and smooth and lies flatter than the Traditional.
Their voices can range from soft chitters and meows to a more distinctive, louder tone. It is not uncommon for the cry of a Siamese to be mistaken for the cry of a human baby.
Although our cats and kittens are only eligible to be registered with the Traditional Cat Association, we strive to meet the Breed Standard for the Thai breed as described by The International Cat Association.
Modern (Wedgehead or Extreme Wedgehead) Siamese
The Modern Siamese is the newest of the Siamese types, and is the current preference in cat shows/registries. This breed is simply referred to as "Siamese" by most cat associations (TICA, CCA, CFA, etc.).
This type is also referred to as the “Extreme Wedgehead”. Every aspect of this type’s appearance is extreme.
Modern Siamese cats are slight and svelte with long tapering lines. They are very lithe, but muscular, fined-boned and thin all over.
They have an extreme wedge-shaped face and head, forming a sharp triangle from chin to the tips of the ears. They also have longer muzzles than the Classic. They have large, oblique, almond-shaped eyes. Their ears are extremely large ears that are not in proportion to the rest of the head, which is smaller than the other types. They have very long, slim legs, and an extremely long, tapered, whip-like tail.
Their coat is short, tight, glossy and smooth, and lies very flat against the body.
This type is the most “exotic” type of Siamese. It has a very distinctive voice.